What is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer is a disease that affects the lungs, the primary organ responsible for breathing. It occurs when cells in the lungs grow abnormally and forms a tumor, which may spread to other parts of the body if left untreated. There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell and small cell. The former is the most common type and usually grows more slowly than the latter.
Lung Cancer is a malignant tumor of the lungs. The abnormal cells of the tumor multiply without order or control and destroy the healthy lung tissue around them.
Augusto P. Sarmiento Cancer Institute is proud to have a team of experts on lung cancer in the Philippines who can provide holistic treatment to our patients. We offer the following services:
(1) Lung Cancer Screening: low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan;
(2) Smoking Cessation and Relapse Assistance and Prevention Program (SCRAP)
(3) Comprehensive range of options for diagnosis using state of the art equipment: Bronchoscopy, Transthoracic Biopsy, Surgical Biopsy;
(4) Treatments: Surgery, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy, Molecular Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy
(5) Multidisciplinary approach and coordinated care for patients diagnosed with lung cancer to patients and family
What are Causes of Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer is a disease that can affect anyone. While the underlying causes can differ from person to person, there are several known triggers that can increase the likelihood of developing this condition. Tobacco smoking is one of the most common risk factors and is responsible for approximately 85-90% of lung cancer cases. Exposure to environmental pollutants, such as radon gas or asbestos, can also play a role. Additionally, genetics and family history may also contribute to an increased risk of developing lung cancer.
What are Common Symptoms of Lung Cancer?
One of the most typical indications of lung cancer is a persistent cough that does not seem to go away. Another symptom could be experiencing shortness of breath or wheezing. Additionally, if you notice blood in your sputum or chest pain that gets worse with breathing, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Unexplained weight loss and fatigue may also be early signs of lung cancer.
If you or a loved one experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to proceed to a cancer center for prompt evaluation and options on available lung cancer treatment in the Philippines. Early detection of lung cancer can mean a higher chance of successful treatment.
How is Lung Cancer Detected?
Early detection is key when it comes to lung cancer, as it can greatly improve the chances of successful treatment and recovery. There are a few ways in which this cancer can be detected, including through imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs conducted at cancer units. These tests allow doctors to see any abnormalities within the lungs, such as tumors or masses, that may be indicative of cancer. In addition, a biopsy may be performed in which a sample of tissue is taken from the lungs and examined under a microscope for the presence of cancerous cells.
While these methods can be effective in detecting lung cancer, it is important for individuals to undergo regular screenings if they have any risk factors or symptoms, such as chronic coughing or difficulty breathing.
Who is at Risk for Lung Cancer in the Philippines?
While anyone can develop lung cancer, certain factors increase the likelihood of its development. People who smoke cigarettes, pipes, or cigars are at the highest risk, with the risk increasing with the number of years and amount smoked. Exposure to secondhand smoke also increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Additionally, exposure to certain chemicals and substances, such as asbestos and radon, can contribute to the development of the disease. Other factors include a family history of lung cancer, a previous diagnosis of lung disease, and air pollution.
Understanding the risk factors for lung cancer is an essential step in prevention and early detection. If you believe you are at risk, talk to your doctor about screening options and how you can reduce your risk.